How to Research Stocks

How to Research Stocks

It's no secret that stock brokers have increasingly tightened the conditions for account opening and verification for trading on stock markets in recent years. Minimum deposits and costs are getting higher and higher while the trading infrastructure is becoming fee-based, and often, stock market platforms are very complex and overloaded. This situation leads investors to switch to forex brokers via trading CFD on stocks. It is unsurprising because, in a competitive environment, forex brokers improve trading conditions constantly: spreads have become less, and some companies have stopped charging swap fees for holding positions overnight. At the same time, you can find leverage up to 1:20, which stock brokers cannot boast, where leverage is usually 1:1-1:4, provided that you prove your financial solvency.

For some traders, trading in stocks is a novelty, and many need help knowing where to start, how to research, or how to select stocks for trading or investing. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to research stocks:

  • Define your investment goals

    Determine your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Are you looking for long-term growth, income, or speculative trading?

  • Understand the Basics

    Familiarize yourself with basic stock market concepts such as earnings per share (EPS), price-to-earnings ratio (P/E), dividend yield, market capitalization, etc.

  • Choose your Trading Approach

    Decide whether you want to focus on fundamental Analysis, Technical Analysis, or a combination of both.

Fundamental Analysis of Stocks

  • Financial Statements: Review a company's financial statements, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, to assess its financial health.
  • Key Ratios: Analyze important ratios, such as the P/E ratio, debt-to-equity ratio, return on equity (ROE), and others, to evaluate a company's performance and compare it with competitors.
  • Management & Industry: Evaluate the quality of management, industry trends, competitive positioning, and potential risks.

Technical Analysis in Stocks

  • Charts: Study price charts and identify patterns such as support and resistance levels, trend lines, and moving averages.
  • Indicators: To gauge momentum and trend strength, use technical indicators like the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD).

Research Tools

  • Financial Websites: Utilize financial websites like Yahoo Finance, Bloomberg, or CNBC for company profiles, financial data, analyst reports, and news.
  • Stock Screeners: Stock screeners filter stocks based on market cap, industry, P/E ratio, dividend yield, etc.
  • Analyst Reports: Read analyst reports from investment banks and research firms for insights into company performance and prospects.
  • Earnings Calls and Presentations: Listen to earnings calls and presentations to understand management's perspective on the company's performance and future outlook.

Stay Informed

  • News and Market Updates: Monitor market news, economic indicators, and geopolitical events that could impact stock prices.
  • Company Updates: Follow company news, product launches, earnings announcements, and regulatory developments closely.
  • Industry Trends: Stay updated on industry trends, technological advancements, and regulatory changes that could affect the sector.


Diversify your portfolio across different sectors and asset classes to reduce risk.

Monitor and Review

Continuously monitor your investments and adjust your strategy based on changes in company fundamentals, market conditions, and your financial goals. Remember, investing in stocks carries inherent risks, and it's essential to do thorough research and consider seeking advice from financial professionals before making any investment decisions.

Here are some additional tips for stock research:

  • Use multiple sources of information. This will help you get a more complete picture of the company.
  • Be critical of the information you find. Not all information is created equal.
  • Do not rely on your gut feeling. Always use data and facts to support your investment decisions.
  • Invest in companies that you believe in. If you are not confident in the company's prospects, you should not invest in its stock.
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